Ive been thinking alot about how we tend to use interviews as our default position when gathering data in qualitative research when there are so many other ways to do it..in particular the problem with interviews is that they are retospective, rather than actually being there when the experience happens, they rely on recall AND on the interviewer. It can be much more useful to ask the person who is living the experience to communicate about it when its happening..so how?
Interpersonal Process Recall: Record the event then immediately after interview the person about what was happening
Audio-diaries: ask the person to record what they are experiencing when it happens, or at prescribed intervals
Journals: a simple but effective technique
Blogs: many methods are available for closed blogging
In quant studies they also use EMA: Ecological Momentary Assessment, see example in method section of paper below